By Stephen Colvin
A quick historical past of historical Greek accessibly depicts the social heritage of this historical language from its Indo-European roots to the current day.
Explains key relationships among the language and literature of the Classical interval (500 - three hundred BC)
presents a social background of the language which transliterates and interprets all Greek as acceptable, and is consequently obtainable to readers who be aware of very little Greek
Written within the framework of contemporary sociolinguistic concept, concerning the advance of historical Greek to its social and political context
displays the most recent pondering on topics corresponding to Koiné Greek and the connection among literary and vernacular Greek
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Ancient Greek
His positive attempts to reconstruct an Egyptian and Phoenician history for Greece, however, met with widespread criticism from experts in the field. His claim, for example, that Egyptians and Phoenicians colonized Greece in the sixteenth century bc is flatly denied by archaeologists (for Bernal the Pelasgians were “indigenous Indo-European-speaking peoples colonized and to some extent culturally assimilated by Egypto-Phoenician invasions”). On the linguistic side his claim that the introduction of the alphabet goes back to the same period suffers from the fact that alphabetic writing is simply not attested in Greece before the ninth century at the earliest.
Greek dialect brodon < *wrodon) In the “other cases” above the words seem to be clear examples of areal diffusion: in whichever language they arose, they spread across a wide area and morphed unpredictably as they moved. The notion that 30 An Aegean Co-Production the words in the first category derive from some pan-Mediterranean substrate is absurd, recalling an era when the areal diffusion of language was barely recognized. These words followed the items they denote, and were transmitted exactly like the words in the second group: the same process that accounts for the various European words for coffee derived from Turkish kahve, itself borrowed from Arabic qahwa in the Levantine dialect form qahwe.
This is the Phaistos disk, discovered in the palace at Phaistos. It is made of baked clay and stamped on both sides with 242 signs arranged in a spiral, apparently to be read from the outside to the center in a clockwise direction. There are 45 different signs, and these are unique in the ancient world as they have been imprinted using stamps. The signs themselves are not particularly close to any other known script of the ancient world, and the function of the object is quite obscure: the disk may be an import into Crete, but is in any case a complete enigma.
A Brief History of Ancient Greek by Stephen Colvin