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By Woodruff W. Bryne + British Interlingua Society

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Additional resources for A Concise English-Interlingua Dictionary + Short Interlingua Grammar and Vocabulary

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J. The policeman threw NP. The boxer threw NP. The social director threw NP. A ardvarks throw NP. Throw NP! H arry killed NP. E veryone is always killing NP. The drunk refused to kill NP. Silence can certainly kill NP. Cars kill NP. Although the more m aterial these sentence fragm ents contain and the more elaborate the context one sets them in, the m ore they suggest particular direct objects and therefore particular predicates, the differ­ ent subjects for the verbs do not imply different sem antic roles for the object NPs.

In chapter 8 I argue specifically against D ow ty's (1982a) representation o f subject/nonsubject sem antic asym m etries. In sum m ary, Bresnan is correct in pointing out that the foregoing argum ents alone do not choose a representation for sem antic subject/nonsubject asym m etries, but this point is o f little im portance. L ev els o f S y n ta c tic A n aly sis 29 As B resnan herself notes, my notation correctly predicts the asym ­ m etries; this m uch is sufficient at this point in the presentation of the theory.

No crossing branches or multiple parents are allowed. Second, I assum e that the set o f lexical items making a contribution to the com positional sem antics of a sentence (excluding quantifier scope) is just the set of items appearing as term inal nodes in the constituent structure rep­ resentation o f 1-s structure. This constraint ensures that lexical items are individuated at 1-s structure. If a given lexical item appears twice in an 1-s tree, then there m ust be two tokens o f the item in the com posi­ tional sem antics of the sentence.

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A Concise English-Interlingua Dictionary + Short Interlingua Grammar and Vocabulary by Woodruff W. Bryne + British Interlingua Society


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