Read e-book online A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = 日本語文法辞典. 上級編 / A PDF

By 牧野成一, 1935- Seiichi Makino and Michio Tsutsui. 筒井通雄, ; Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui

ISBN-10: 4789012956

ISBN-13: 9784789012959

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Read or Download A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = 日本語文法辞典. 上級編 / A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = Nihongo bunpō jiten. Jōkyū hen PDF

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Additional resources for A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = 日本語文法辞典. 上級編 / A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = Nihongo bunpō jiten. Jōkyū hen

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Italian: [S Pro i [INFL AGi/Tense ] ] b. ] We mentioned earlier that in languages with rich agreement, the ϕ features can only indicate the formal features of subject and not its exact reference. In view of this, the inconsistency in Jaeggli's and Safir's proposals become apparent. In their framework, in languages such as Spanish and Italian, which are richly inflected languages, the method of identification is through agreement. However, in languages which are not richly inflected, such as Chinese and Japanese, the identification of the null subject is through the c-commanding nominal, the Topic or null sentence topic.

English, on the other hand, is not "richly inflected" and therefore pro is disallowed. At this point we need to state that according to Rizzi and others (Borer 1983; Gilligan 1987) AGR features must include person markers as they are the only "real" identifiers. Verb forms which are inflected for gender and number alone, but not person cannot function as identifiers. It must be clarified, however, that AGR can only determine the "content" of pro, but cannot specify its unique reference. Hence it may be misleading to assume that the <|) features in rich agreement languages are capable of identifying or recovering in entirety the identity of a null subject.

On the other hand, languages with only expletive null subjects only need to satisfy the licensing condition as expletives do not have referential value. Jaeggli and Safir propose two ways by which the thematic null subject can be identified. The first type of identification is identification by AGR. As stated earlier, it is a general consensus in GB theory that agreement affixes with the relevant ϕ-features (person and number features) are identifiers in languages such as Spanish and Italian. These features lie in the INFL node and they govern the subject position.

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A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = 日本語文法辞典. 上級編 / A dictionary of advanced Japanese grammar = Nihongo bunpō jiten. Jōkyū hen by 牧野成一, 1935- Seiichi Makino and Michio Tsutsui. 筒井通雄, ; Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui


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