By Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui
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This pioneering learn of pronouns takes under consideration greater than 250 languages. It contrasts own pronouns with pronouns comparable to demonstratives, interrogatives, and relations and indicates that they belong to 2 precise different types. formerly undiscovered features of the 2 different types of pronouns are brought and tested intimately from a cross-linguistic and practical viewpoint.
This quantity brings jointly papers initially awarded at a seminar sequence on Speculative Grammar, common Grammar, and Philosophical research, held on the college of Bologna in 1984. The seminars geared toward contemplating a variety of points of the interaction among linguistic theories at the one hand, and theories of that means and good judgment at the different.
Paintings in morphology is usually fascinated with efficient observe formation and normal inflection, in any occasion with open type different types corresponding to verbs, nouns, and adjectives, and their a variety of kinds. The structure of Determiners, against this, is dedicated to a collection of functionality phrases: the closed classification of determiners.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of intermediate japanese grammar = Nihongo kihon bunpo jiten
In this notation, ¬ means ‘not’, ∨ means ‘or’, & means ‘and’, and ≡ means ‘is equivalent to’. 18 Martin Haspelmath (47) Polish ani . . ani, Russian ni . . ni, Hungarian sem . . sem, Modern Greek u´ te . . u´ te, Albanian as . . as, Romanian nici . . nici (48) a. dat refl not succeeded ‘Neither I, nor he succeeded’ b. dat not said ‘Karliczek didn’t even say a word to me’ Languages without special negative coordinators can use their emphatic conjunctive coordinators (49a) or their emphatic disjunctive coordinators (49b) to express the same content.
Marvin). (iii) Discontinuous order: in special circumstances, the coordinands may be separated by other material, as when a coordinand is added as an afterthought. g. My uncle will come tomorrow, or my aunt, not *My uncle or will come tomorrow, my aunt). (iv) (Morpho)phonological alternations: when the coordinator or one of the coordinands undergoes (morpho)phonological alternations in the Coordination 9 construction, this is evidence that they form a constituent together. g. wə-ðæræx ‘and (a) way’, u¯ -ðər˚ax-¯ım ‘and ways’).
While it is fairly common for languages to have a ‘but’ coordinator, other languages express the same idea exclusively by means of a concessive subordinate clause. In English, too, concessive clauses with although are often roughly equivalent to ‘but’ coordinations: (74) a. It is raining, but we are going for a walk b. Although it is raining, we are going for a walk Here, but expresses the denial of an expectation: the fact that it is raining would lead one to expect that we would stay inside, and but cancels this expectation.
A Dictionary of intermediate japanese grammar = Nihongo kihon bunpo jiten by Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui