Download PDF by Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui : A Dictionary of intermediate japanese grammar = Nihongo

By Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui

ISBN-10: 4789007758

ISBN-13: 9784789007757

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In this notation, ¬ means ‘not’, ∨ means ‘or’, & means ‘and’, and ≡ means ‘is equivalent to’. 18 Martin Haspelmath (47) Polish ani . . ani, Russian ni . . ni, Hungarian sem . . sem, Modern Greek u´ te . . u´ te, Albanian as . . as, Romanian nici . . nici (48) a. dat refl not succeeded ‘Neither I, nor he succeeded’ b. dat not said ‘Karliczek didn’t even say a word to me’ Languages without special negative coordinators can use their emphatic conjunctive coordinators (49a) or their emphatic disjunctive coordinators (49b) to express the same content.

Marvin). (iii) Discontinuous order: in special circumstances, the coordinands may be separated by other material, as when a coordinand is added as an afterthought. g. My uncle will come tomorrow, or my aunt, not *My uncle or will come tomorrow, my aunt). (iv) (Morpho)phonological alternations: when the coordinator or one of the coordinands undergoes (morpho)phonological alternations in the Coordination 9 construction, this is evidence that they form a constituent together. g. wə-ðæræx ‘and (a) way’, u¯ -ðər˚ax-¯ım ‘and ways’).

While it is fairly common for languages to have a ‘but’ coordinator, other languages express the same idea exclusively by means of a concessive subordinate clause. In English, too, concessive clauses with although are often roughly equivalent to ‘but’ coordinations: (74) a. It is raining, but we are going for a walk b. Although it is raining, we are going for a walk Here, but expresses the denial of an expectation: the fact that it is raining would lead one to expect that we would stay inside, and but cancels this expectation.

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A Dictionary of intermediate japanese grammar = Nihongo kihon bunpo jiten by Seiichi Makino; Michio Tsutsui


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