By Kazuko Obata
This grammar of Bilua, a revision of the author's PhD thesis, is the 1st accomplished description of the language. Bilua is spoken on Vella los angeles Vella island within the Western Province of the Solomon Islands. in response to the 1976 census there are approximately eighty five vernacular languages indigenous to the Solomon Islands. the vast majority of those are Austronesian, yet between them are 4 Papuan languages, considered one of that's Bilua.
The grammar offered this is in keeping with the dialect of the Bilua quarter, that is considered as normal by means of area people, most likely simply because Methodist missionaries who arrived early within the 20th century seemed it because the language of the island.
In the previous, the Austronesian language Roviana used to be used as a lingua franca within the quarter and so older humans on Vella los angeles Vella converse Roviana in addition to Bilua. notwithstanding, the position of Roviana has been taken over by means of Solomon Islands Pidgin that is utilized in basic colleges and in church ceremonies that are vital to the lives of individuals in Vella los angeles Vella. there's a excessive price of intermarriage among Vella l. a. Vella humans and folks from different islands and combined speak in Bilua, Pidgin, or one of many different Solomons languages. Pidgin phrases are combined into Bilua and infrequently humans change from one language to a different of their speech. hence the Bilua language is altering a result of impact of Pidgin, and, even though the inhabitants of Vella los angeles Vella is expanding quickly, Bilua is endangered.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands (Pacific Linguistics)
Seems 21. At least one exception was the Ldngu clan which to have been composed of maroons from a great number Suriname, the Saramaka and Saramaccan 38 of different plantations. note (22) below. See Price (1983:83-4) and Foot 22. If the names of the plantations from which the Saramaka escaped are any indication of the lexical nature of the slaves' pidgin, then we should expect that on Hanover, Providence, Waterland and Vredenburg Plantations (among others), the slaves spoke an English-based pidgin inherited from the English colonial era.
Separate groups were constantly attacking one plantation or another for new recruits (especially women) and/or for anything of value to use in the jungle; the Whites, in turn, often mounted military expeditions against one clan or another, but never the entire tribe. Such a cycle of violence continued well into the Seventeenth Century until, finally, relations were normalized with a peace treaty in 1762. Other than warfare, then, there was little maroonWhite contact at whatever level during the first six or seven decades of the loose federation known as the Saramaka.
To discuss the forma tion of the Suriname Creoles, and in particular SA, a look at the early history and demographics of Suriname is first necessary. 1 Suriname The earliest successful settlement of Suriname 7 was a part of the general British policy of colonial expansion in the 17th century. Their colonization of the Caribbean and surrounding areas began in the first half of that century with small, one-family farms predominating until, according to Lowenthal (1972:27), the Dutch exported their expertise in plantation farming in the 1640s, first to Barbados and then to the rest of the area.
A Grammar of Bilua: A Papuan Language of the Solomon Islands (Pacific Linguistics) by Kazuko Obata