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By by Carl Robert Whitehead.

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Extra info for A reference grammar of Menya : an Angan language of Papua New Guinea

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1 Compound heads Quite frequently, however, the head of the noun phrase is a complex of two or more nouns in which there is a progression from more general to more specific identification of the referent.

The morphemic analysis of the gender and number categories is given in the label rows. Table 11. Demonstrative personal pronouns based on neutral h ‘that’ masculine =pt feminine =h ~ =t honorific =o` diminutive =ot ~ =rt singular hpt h=pt hh h=h ho` h=o` hot h=ot dual =`pt hpt`pt h=pt=`pt ht`pt h=t=`pt hodpt h=o`=pt hrt`pt h=rt=`pt plural =` hpt` h=pt=` ht` h=t=` hod h=o`=` hrt` h=rt=` The masculine forms are used when all the referents are male (50) or when gender is deemed unimportant. The feminine forms are used when any of the referents are female and gender is deemed important (51).

Based on the evidence presented here, it is quite likely that the 1st and 2nd singular basic forms derive from the root consonant (m- and s- respectively) followed by a marker -h which triggers palatalization ,yielding the forms shown in the table. Irregular morphophonemic processes are in evidence in some of the other forms also. ’ 47) H f` h+ v«t h Cdvhsh hpt jhp« jhth hj«pd. h= f`= h v«t «=h Cdvhsh h=pt jh=p« jh=t«=h h,j,p«p«=h that=TIME=GVN work=DEF David that=M 3S=POSS 3S=POSS=DEF do-PA/PFV-3S/DSO=IND Mxh p« jhth hj«pd.

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A reference grammar of Menya : an Angan language of Papua New Guinea by by Carl Robert Whitehead.


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