I. M. Pulkina, P.S. Kuznetsov's A Short Russian Reference Grammar: with a Chapter on PDF

By I. M. Pulkina, P.S. Kuznetsov

ISBN-10: 520002241X

ISBN-13: 9785200022410

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Extra info for A Short Russian Reference Grammar: with a Chapter on Pronunciation

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Levels Optional. A vector of values that the different levels of the factor could be. The default is to number them in alphabetical order. labels = levels Optional. A vector of labels for the different levels of the factor. Examples ## Make an unnamed factor with 2 levels > factor(c(rep(1, 5), rep(2, 4))) [1] 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 Levels: 1 2 | Data Types 7 ## Give the levels names > factor(c(rep(1, 5), rep(2, 4)), labels = c("mow", "unmow")) [1] mow mow mow mow mow unmow unmow unmow unmow Levels: mow unmow ## Same as previous > factor(c(rep("mow", 5), c(rep("unmow", 4)))) ## Change the order of the names of the levels > factor(c(rep(1, 5), rep(2, 4)), labels = c("mow", "unmow"), levels = c(2,1)) [1] unmow unmow unmow unmow unmow mow mow mow mow Levels: mow unmow COMMAND NAME ftable Creates a “flat” contingency table.

The default is to number them in alphabetical order. labels = levels Optional. A vector of labels for the different levels of the factor. Examples ## Make an unnamed factor with 2 levels > factor(c(rep(1, 5), rep(2, 4))) [1] 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 Levels: 1 2 | Data Types 7 ## Give the levels names > factor(c(rep(1, 5), rep(2, 4)), labels = c("mow", "unmow")) [1] mow mow mow mow mow unmow unmow unmow unmow Levels: mow unmow ## Same as previous > factor(c(rep("mow", 5), c(rep("unmow", 4)))) ## Change the order of the names of the levels > factor(c(rep(1, 5), rep(2, 4)), labels = c("mow", "unmow"), levels = c(2,1)) [1] unmow unmow unmow unmow unmow mow mow mow mow Levels: mow unmow COMMAND NAME ftable Creates a “flat” contingency table.

The command creates a matrix object from data or adds to an existing matrix. frame (p. 6, 34) cbind (p. 33) rbind (p. 36) | Creating Data 35 Command Parameters data = NA The data to be used to make the matrix. Usually a vector of values (numbers or text). nrow = 1 The number of rows into which to split the data. Defaults to 1. ncol = 1 The number of columns into which to split the data. Defaults to 1. byrow = FALSE The new matrix is created from the data column-by-column by default. Use byrow = TRUE to fill up the matrix row-by-row.

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A Short Russian Reference Grammar: with a Chapter on Pronunciation by I. M. Pulkina, P.S. Kuznetsov


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