Download e-book for iPad: Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology by D.F. Houlihan, D.R. Livingstone, R.F. Lee

By D.F. Houlihan, D.R. Livingstone, R.F. Lee

ISBN-10: 3642758975

ISBN-13: 9783642758973

ISBN-10: 3642758991

ISBN-13: 9783642758997

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists hold song of the vast literature within the box. supplying accomplished, built-in studies and sound, serious, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all lively researchers in environmental and comparative physiology.

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1988). g. Garlick et al. 1976). There is now evidence that this relationship is also true in ectotherms; in rainbow trout, crabs and octopus there are between 10- and lOO-fold differences in the RNA to protein ratios in the tissues and these ratios correlate strongly with tissue fractional rates of protein synthesis (Fig. 19; McMillan and Houlihan 1988; Houlihan et al. 1989; Houlihan et al. 1990a,b). Tissues with high RNA to protein ratios generally have high fractional rates of protein synthesis.

15. Relationships between the fractional rates of protein synthesis muscle and the fractional rates of synthesis for various subcellular fractions. The data are from trout ventricle and red and white skeletal muscle. (Data from Houlihan et a!. 2 Fractional rate of synthesis, %. 4 mitochondrial Trout ventricle, whole tissue synthesis and fraction synthesis .. o o Ii: of--~-~-~-,--~-,--~--. o o soluble fracllon 2 3 Protein synthesis, %. day·1 • myoflbrillar 4 .. 3 Comparison of Tissues Synthesis Rates A comparison of the fractional rates of protein synthesis of different tissues from various animals reveals that there is a remarkable constancy in the ranking of the tissues in their rates of synthesis (Fig.

G. Garlick et al. 1976). There is now evidence that this relationship is also true in ectotherms; in rainbow trout, crabs and octopus there are between 10- and lOO-fold differences in the RNA to protein ratios in the tissues and these ratios correlate strongly with tissue fractional rates of protein synthesis (Fig. 19; McMillan and Houlihan 1988; Houlihan et al. 1989; Houlihan et al. 1990a,b). Tissues with high RNA to protein ratios generally have high fractional rates of protein synthesis. The RNA activity (k RNA ) can be calculated from the fractional rate of protein synthesis and the RNA to protein ratio and has units of g of protein synthesised per g of RNA per day.

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Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology by D.F. Houlihan, D.R. Livingstone, R.F. Lee


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