By Robert D. Van Valin Jr.
This quantity provides examine on significant concerns in syntactic thought inside of function and Reference Grammar. This concept was once first provided intimately in Functional Syntax and common Grammar [FSUG], and those papers signify either expansions and functions of the speculation to quite a lot of phenomena. the 1st part comprises an creation to the idea that is the main thorough assertion of it when you consider that FSUG, summarizing the positive aspects of function and Reference Grammar tested there and constructing new theoretical parts and analyses of syntactic phenomena no longer mentioned within the past paintings. during the dialogue beneficial properties of RRG are in comparison and contrasted with similar positive factors of alternative syntactic theories. the rest of the quantity is dedicated to designated analyses of particular difficulties, e.g. keep watch over, case marking, in a large choice of languages, e.g. Mandarin chinese language, Nootka, Mparntwe Arrernte and Turkish. therefore the works awarded right here illustrate good the powerful cross-linguistic method of syntactic idea and outline in position and Reference Grammar.
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Additional info for Advances in Role and Reference Grammar
2 it was stated sim ply that the core contains the arguments of the predicate in the nucleus, and it is now possible to state this more precisely. All arguments which appear in the core of a simple clause must be linked to argument positions in the LS of the predicate in the nucleus, and in the default situation, all argu- A SYNOPSIS OF ROLE AND REFERENCE GRAMMAR 41 ments in the LS of the predicate must appear in the core of the clause. However, it is not always the case that an argument in the LS occurs in the core; in a passive construction, for example, the agent or experiencer, if overt, will be realized as an oblique constituent in the periphery.
Thus Lambrecht's concept of focus is the same thing as Kempson's "syntactic construct which corresponds to conditions for the truth of ρ which are not in the PUD". Hence Lambrecht's theory of information structure rests on a Gricean foundation. 3 Focus structure and focus types Information distribution in sentences is of concern to syntacticians only to the extent that it has morphosyntactic expression and ramifications. The grammatical system which serves to indicate the scope of the assertion in an utterance in contrast to the pragmatic presupposition is termed the focus structure by Lambrecht.
VAN VALIN, JR. state predicates, but in fact he fails to come up with a derivational scheme for activities analogous to those for achievements and accomplishments. Hence activities must be treated as primitives in their own right. g. cry' "cry (involuntarily)", DO cry' "cry (volitionally)". These decompositional representations of verbs are termed LOGICAL STRUCTURES [LS] by Dowty, and the schemata for the four classes are given in Table 3. Verb Class Logical Structure STATE predicate' (x) or (x,y) BECOME predicate' (x) or (x,y) (DO (x)) [predicate' (x) or (x,y)]) ACHIEVEMENT ACTIVITY (± Agentive) ACCOMPLISHMENT φ C A U S E ψ , where φ is normally an activ ity predicate and ψ an achievement predicate.
Advances in Role and Reference Grammar by Robert D. Van Valin Jr.