By John Frazer
Книга An Evolutionary structure An Evolutionary ArchitectureКниги Строительство Год издания: 1995 Формат: pdf Издат.:Architectural organization courses Страниц: 128 Размер: 10 MB ISBN: 1870890477 Язык: Русский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:An Evolutionary structure should be thought of, jointly possibly with Nicholas Negroponte's structure desktop books, as some of the most vital and encouraging references at the use of computation in structure and layout.
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Extra resources for An Evolutionary Architecture
Considered in this way, developments in theory may be interpreted as products of their time and circumstances. Campbell and Fainstein (1996: 149) illustrate the dual response in the case of ‘the communicative turn’ in planning theory (Healey, 1992a), referring to attempts in planning to ‘simultaneously adapt to two crucial changes’: ‘the resurgence of economic valuation’ and ‘postmodern critiques of scientific rationalism’. These two strategic changes, allied with a range of other developments in planning theory during the past twenty years, reflect a broader ‘crisis’ in planning theory related to the decline of the classic rational planning model.
Collaborative planning clearly incorporates issues of process, yet it is also proposed as a form of planning that is not exclusively concerned with technique and procedure (Healey, 1997a: 71, 86). : 71) which will themselves be locally specific (Healey, 1996a: 231). Such a statement appears to diminish the importance of outcomes in planning activities. Planning academics are noted as having previously developed a preoccupation with procedural issues to the exclusion of the merits of issues of substance (Darke, 1985: 16) and this serves as a clear warning to those 37 Collaborative planning advocating collaborative planning practices that such activities do not negate the requirement to formulate some conception of a ‘good society’.
Three broad categories emerge from these interpretations. First, there are the micro-political interpretations of planning practice usually based on a combination of Habermasian ideal speech and post-structuralist concern with language (Forester, 1989, 1993; Fischer and Forester, 1993). Following in this tradition are the second category of ethnographic studies comparing this ideal to practice (Healey, 1992a; Hillier, 1993; Healey and Hillier, 1996). Finally, there are the prescriptive (though the authors would deny this label) studies aimed at using communicative rationality as a basis for what has now been termed ‘collaborative’ or ‘deliberative’ planning (Healey, 1992a, 1996a, 1996b, 1997a, 1998; Forester, 1999d).
An Evolutionary Architecture by John Frazer