Download e-book for kindle: Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing by Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew

By Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew Clarke

ISBN-10: 1405198400

ISBN-13: 9781405198400

ISBN-10: 1444347241

ISBN-13: 9781444347241

Considering that its discovery Antarctica has held a deep fascination for biologists. severe environmental stipulations, seasonality and isolation have result in essentially the most remarkable examples of typical choice and version in the world. satirically, a few of these variations may perhaps pose constraints at the skill of the Antarctic biota to reply to weather swap. components of Antarctica are exhibiting a few of the greatest adjustments in temperature and different environmental stipulations on this planet. during this quantity, released in organization with the Royal Society, leading polar scientists current a synthesis of the newest study at the organic platforms in Antarctica, protecting organisms from microbes to vertebrate larger predators. This ebook comes at a time whilst new applied sciences and ways enable the consequences of weather switch and different direct human affects on Antarctica to be considered at quite a number scales; throughout whole areas, complete ecosystems and right down to the extent of species and edition inside their genomes. Chapters handle either Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the medical and administration demanding situations of the long run are explored.


Chapter 1 Spatial and Temporal Variability in Terrestrial Antarctic Biodiversity (pages 11–43): Steven L. Chown and Peter Convey
Chapter 2 international swap in a Low variety Terrestrial environment: The McMurdo Dry Valleys (pages 44–62): Diana H. Wall
Chapter three Antarctic Lakes as types for the examine of Microbial Biodiversity, Biogeography and Evolution (pages 63–89): David A. Pearce and Johanna Laybourn?Parry
Chapter four The effect of local weather switch at the Marine atmosphere of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (pages 91–120): Andrew Clarke, David okay. A. Barnes, Thomas J. Bracegirdle, Hugh W. Ducklow, John C. King, Michael P. Meredith, Eugene J. Murphy and Lloyd S. Peck
Chapter five The Marine procedure of the Western Antarctic Peninsula (pages 121–159): Hugh Ducklow, Andrew Clarke, Rebecca Dickhut, Scott C. Doney, Heidi Geisz, Kuan Huang, Douglas G. Martinson, Michael P. Meredith, Holly V. Moeller, Martin Montes?Hugo, Oscar Schofield, Sharon E. Stammerjohn, Debbie Steinberg and William Fraser
Chapter 6 Spatial and Temporal Operation of the Scotia Sea environment (pages 160–212): E. J. Murphy, J. L. Watkins, P. N. Trathan, ok. Reid, M. P. Meredith, S. L. Hill, S. E. Thorpe, N. M. Johnston, A. Clarke, G. A. Tarling, M. A. Collins, J. Forcada, A. Atkinson, P. Ward, I. J. Staniland, D. W. Pond, R. A. Cavanagh, R. S. Shreeve, R. E. Korb, M. J. Whitehouse, P. G. Rodhouse, P. Enderlein, A. G. Hirst, A. R. Martin, D. R. Briggs, N. J. Cunningham and A. H. Fleming
Chapter 7 The Ross Sea Continental Shelf: local Biogeochemical Cycles, Trophic Interactions, and strength destiny alterations (pages 213–242): Walker O. Smith, David G. Ainley, Riccardo Cattaneo?Vietti and Eileen E. Hofmann
Chapter eight Pelagic Ecosystems within the Waters off East Antarctica (30° E–150° E) (pages 243–254): Stephen Nicol and Ben Raymond
Chapter nine The Dynamic Mosaic (pages 255–290): David ok. A. Barnes and Kathleen E. Conlan
Chapter 10 Southern Ocean Deep Benthic Biodiversity (pages 291–334): A. Brandt, C. De Broyer, B. Ebbe, ok. E. Ellingsen, A. J. Gooday, D. Janussen, S. Kaiser, okay. Linse, M. Schueller, M. R. A. Thomson, P. A. Tyler and A. Vanreusel
Chapter eleven Environmental Forcing and Southern Ocean Marine Predator Populations (pages 335–353): Phil N. Trathan, Jaume Forcada and Eugene J. Murphy
Chapter 12 Molecular Ecophysiology of Antarctic Notothenioid Fishes (pages 355–378): C.?H. Christina Cheng and H. William Detrich
Chapter thirteen Mechanisms Defining Thermal Limits and variation in Marine Ectotherms: An Integrative View (pages 379–416): Hans O. Portner, Lloyd S. Peck and George N. Somero
Chapter 14 Evolution and Biodiversity of Antarctic Organisms (pages 417–467): Alex D. Rogers
Chapter 15 Biogeography and local Classifications of Antarctica (pages 469–491): P. exhibit, D. okay. A. Barnes, H. J. Griffiths, S. M. supply, okay. Linse and D. N. Thomas
Chapter sixteen Conservation and administration of Antarctic Ecosystems (pages 492–525): Susie M. provide, Pete exhibit, Kevin A. Hughes, Richard A. Phillips and Phil N. Trathan

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Extra info for Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing World

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T. 2002 Warming of the Southern Ocean since the 1950s. Science 295, 1275–1277. 1126/science. S. E. 2004 How many macrozoobenthic species might inhabit the Antarctic shelf? Antarct. Sci. 16, 11–16. 1017/ S0954102004001750) Harangozo, S. 2006 Atmospheric circulation impacts on winter maximum sea ice extent in the west Antarctic Peninsula region (1979–2001). Geophysical Research Letters 33, L02502. W. N. 2002 Biochemical adaptation: mechanism and process in physiological evolution. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

J. & Permoli-Silva, I. 2003 A transient rise in tropical sea surface temperature during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Science 302, 1551–1554. 1090110) PART 1 Terrestrial and Freshwater Habitats CHAPTER 1 Spatial and Temporal Variability in Terrestrial Antarctic Biodiversity Steven L. 1 INTRODUCTION Of all the characteristics of biodiversity, the most noteworthy is its variability. Recognition that the significance of the mechanisms underlying this variation changes as the scale of interest is altered, and that variation at one level may cascade up (or down) to affect many others in the ecological and genealogical hierarchies, are hallmarks of modern ecology (Wiens, 1989).

These include, for example, the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (CCAS), the International Whaling Commission, and agreements under the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Convention and various national nature reserves and management plans. , 2010). In order for these measures to be successful 6 Introduction they must be underpinned by coordinated and integrated international research that provides sound scientific advice on the structure and function of biodiversity and ecosystems and their response to both natural and anthropogenic forcings.

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Antarctic Ecosystems: An Extreme Environment in a Changing World by Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew Clarke

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