Read e-book online Arabic: an essential grammar PDF

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

ISBN-10: 0203088816

ISBN-13: 9780203088814

ISBN-10: 0415415713

ISBN-13: 9780415415712

ISBN-10: 0415415721

ISBN-13: 9780415415729

"Arabic: an important Grammar is an updated and sensible reference consultant to crucial facets of the language. appropriate for rookies, in addition to intermediate scholars, this ebook bargains a robust beginning for studying the basic grammar constructions of Arabic. The complexities of the language are set out briefly, readable sections and workouts and examples are supplied throughout."--BOOK JACKET. 1. The Arabic Script, Transliteration, Alphabet 2. Pronunciation of Consonants three. Punctuation, Handwriting four. Vowels five. Saddah, Noun circumstances, Nunation because the Indefinite shape 6. lengthy Vowels 7. Hamzah, the Maddah signal eight. sure Articles nine. solar and Moon Letters 10. Gender eleven. Conjunctions, Prepositions, the Particle 12. The Idafah development thirteen. quantity, twin, Plural 14. ideal stressful Verbs, Roots and Radicals 15. Separate own Pronouns, Suffix Pronouns sixteen. Demonstrative Pronouns 17. Imperfect stressful Verbs 18. Derived Verb varieties 19. Passive Verbs 20. principles for Writing the Hamsah 21. damaged Plurals, Collective Nouns 22. Diptotes and Triptotes 23. Participles, Verbal Nouns 24. Interrogative debris and Pronouns, Vocative debris 25. Adjectival styles 26. Inna and its Sisters, Kana and its Sisters 27. Relative Pronouns, Relative Clauses 28. Moods 29. Doubled Verbs 30. Verbs with Hamzah 31. Verbs with the susceptible preliminary Radical 32. Verbs with the susceptible center Radical 33. Verbs with the vulnerable ultimate Radical 34. Cardinal Numbers 35. Ordinal Numbers 36. Exceptions 37. Verbs of ask yourself 38. Adverbs and Adverbials 38. Adverbs and Adverbials 39. Conditional Sentences

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1) waqa ati l-mar atu l-marı-datu. ˙ 2 The sick woman 1fell over. 2 1 َ ‫ﺴُـﻮ‬ . ‫ْﻟَﻘـِﺪﻳَﻢ‬ / ‫ﻤَﺔ‬ َ ‫ق ْﻟَﻘـِﺪﻳ‬ ّ ‫َﻫَﺪَم ْﻟـَﻌﺎِﻣُﻞ ﻟـ‬ (2) hadama l- a¯ milu s-su¯qa l-qadı-mata / l-qadı-ma. 2 The worker 1pulled down 3the old market (m. ). 3 3 . ‫ﻤـﻴـَﻨـًﺔ‬ ِ ‫ﺳـ‬ َ 3 2 ‫ﺟـًﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺟـﺎ‬ َ ‫ب َد‬ ُ ‫ﺷَﺘَﺮى َْﻷ‬ ْ ‫ِإ‬ 2 1 (3) isˇtara¯ l- abu dag˘ a¯ g˘ atan samı-natan. The father 1bought 3a fat 2chicken. ‫ﻌـًﺔ‬ َ ‫ﺳـ‬ ِ ‫َوا‬ 48 4 ‫ﺖ َﻛْﻠَﺒٌﺔ ِﺑَﻨﺎَﻳًﺔ‬ ْ ‫ﺧَﻠـ‬ َ ‫َد‬ 3 2 1 (4) dahalat kalbatun bina¯ yatan wa¯ si atan.

G. ˙ Feminine Masculine ‫ﺣْﻤَﻘـﺎُء‬ َ h˙ amqa¯ u, stupid ‫ﻖ‬ ُ ‫ﺣَﻤ‬ ْ ‫َأ‬ ahmaqu ˙ ‫ﺣـَﻤـُﺮ‬ ْ ‫ َأ‬ah˙ maru ‫ﺣْﻤَﺮاُء‬ َ h˙ amra¯ u, red Note: See the discussion of the independent hamzah after alif in chapter 20. َ.. g. ˙ ˙ Feminine Masculine ‫ﺸﻰ‬ َ ‫ﻄ‬ ْ ‫َﻋـ‬ ‫ﺸـﺎُن‬ َ ‫ﻄ‬ ْ ‫َﻋـ‬ atsˇa¯ , thirsty ˙ kubra ¯ , bigger ‫ُﻛـْﺒـَﺮى‬ ‫َأْﻛـَﺒـُﺮ‬ atsˇa¯ nu ˙ akbaru Note: If a word ends in suku¯ n and is followed by another word beginning with hamzatu al-wasli (waslah), the suku¯ n is changed to kasrah.

51 Conjunctions, prepositions and the particle َ hatta¯ ‫ﺣ َّﺘﻰ‬ ˙ ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﻄﺎِﻟـ‬ َ ‫ﺳـَﺘﺎُذ َﻓ‬ ْ ‫ج ْﻟـُﻤِﺪﻳُﺮ َﻓ ُْﻷ‬ َ ‫ﺧَﺮ‬ َ 2 1 harag˘ a l-mudı-ru fa-l usta¯ du fa-ta¯ libun. ˘ ¯ ˙ 2 The rector 1went out and then the professor and then a student. ‫ َﻓـ‬is also used with a causal sense between two or more verbs or sentences. g. ِ 1 ّ ‫ﺐ ﻟﻄـﻔْـُﻞ ﻓَـَﻨﺎَم‬ َ ‫َﺗِﻌـ‬ 2 ta iba t-tiflu fa-na¯ ma. The child 1became tired 2and so he slept. ˙˙ OR The tiredness caused the child to sleep. َ ‫ َﻓَﻐِﺮ‬2 ‫َوَﻗَﻊ ِﻓﻲ ﻟَّﻨْﻬِﺮ‬ ‫ق‬ 1 waqa a fı- n-nahri fa-g˙ ariqa.

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Arabic: an essential grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra

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