Read e-book online Aspect Bound: A voyage into the realm of Germanic, Slavonic PDF

By Casper de Groot, Hannu Tommola (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9067650315

ISBN-13: 9789067650311

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Example text

The feature of inchoative or processual pantivity in general is relevant for the formation of the imperfective aspect, since it often breaks the regular type of aspectual pairing: thus, ingressive verbs in Russian usually only have the perfective aspect, but among them there are verbs with the feature of inchoativity (cf. zabolet' /zabolevat' rotten', zakipet'/zakipat 'fall ill, sicken', zagnit '/zagnivat ' 'get ' 'boil up'), cf. also the generally unpaired aug- mentative-intensive type of verbs with the prefix raz- (raskritat'sja out shouting', razgrustit'sja 'burst 'be/come/lost in grief'), where we meet paired verbs with the feature of pantive inchoativity (razgoret'sja/razgorat 'sja 'flame out', raskipet'sja/raskipat'sja 'boil up/and gush forth/), and total- intensive verbs (izranit' but izbit'/izbivat' 'beat up').

They should be considered in terms of their ontological and cognitive characteristics, and also related to categories of discourse analysis. In this paper I shall deal with some examples which have been used to counter denotative theories and show that they can be explained if we allow for more complex, nested types of situations . 1, Nested aspects, I: delimitatives In Russian, processes and states can apparently be referred to by both imper fective and perfective verbs, provided that the latter represent the delimitative (po-) or perdurative (pro-) Aktionsart: (1) RUS Ona postojala, podumala i zatem...

Maslov already in (1948), after him by J. Forsyth (1970: 47-56), and also by D. Grubor (1962). Using their works, we shall clarify how we understand the meanings of the character of action through examples. Within the bounded aspectual classes there is a morphologically non-characterized class with a general resultative meaning: Stroit' krasit' 'paint', rêavet' 'build', pisat' 'write', 'rust' etc. All verbs in this class are linked by the aspectual feature of a direction of the action towards a simultaneous result.

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Aspect Bound: A voyage into the realm of Germanic, Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian aspectology by Casper de Groot, Hannu Tommola (eds.)


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