Get Aspects of Split Ergativity PDF

By Jessica Coon

ISBN-10: 019985873X

ISBN-13: 9780199858736

In languages with aspect-based cut up ergativity, one part of the grammar follows an ergative development, whereas one other exhibits a "split." during this booklet, Jessica Coon argues that aspectual break up ergativity doesn't mark a cut up in how case is assigned, yet fairly, a cut up in sentence constitution. in particular, the contexts within which we discover the looks of a nonergative trend in an another way ergative language contain additional structure--a disassociation among the syntactic predicate and the stem wearing the lexical verb stem.

The e-book starts off with an research of break up individual marking styles in Chol, a Mayan language of southern Mexico. the following visual appeal of break up ergativity follows certainly from the truth that the revolutionary and the imperfective morphemes are verbs, whereas the perfective morpheme isn't really. the truth that the nonperfective morphemes are verbs, mixed with autonomous houses of Chol grammar, leads to the looks of a split.

This ebook additional surveys aspectual splits in quite a few unrelated languages and gives a proof for the common directionality of cut up ergativity: in splits, ergativity is usually retained within the perfective element. Following Laka's (2006) notion for Basque, Coon proposes that the cross-linguistic tendency for imperfective features to trend with locative structures is answerable for the biclausality which motives the looks of a nonergative development. construction on Demirdache and Uribe-Etxebarria's (2000) prepositional account of spatiotemporal family members, Coon proposes that the perfective is rarely periphrastic--and hence by no means contains a split--because there is not any preposition in ordinary language that properly captures the relation of the assertion time to the event time denoted through the perfective element.

Show description

Read Online or Download Aspects of Split Ergativity PDF

Similar grammar books

Get Pronouns (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) PDF

This pioneering learn of pronouns takes into consideration greater than 250 languages. It contrasts own pronouns with pronouns comparable to demonstratives, interrogatives, and family members and indicates that they belong to 2 specified different types. formerly undiscovered features of the 2 different types of pronouns are brought and tested intimately from a cross-linguistic and practical standpoint.

Download PDF by Dino Buzzetti, Maurizio Ferriani: Speculative Grammar, Universal Grammar, Philosophical

This quantity brings jointly papers initially provided at a seminar sequence on Speculative Grammar, common Grammar, and Philosophical research, held on the collage of Bologna in 1984. The seminars aimed toward contemplating a variety of features of the interaction among linguistic theories at the one hand, and theories of that means and good judgment at the different.

Get The Architecture of Determiners PDF

Paintings in morphology is usually concerned about efficient note formation and ordinary inflection, in any occasion with open classification different types akin to verbs, nouns, and adjectives, and their a number of kinds. The structure of Determiners, against this, is dedicated to a collection of functionality phrases: the closed classification of determiners.

Additional resources for Aspects of Split Ergativity

Example text

MAYAN BACKGROUND AND CLAUSE STRUCTURE [ 27 ] or adjectival. . ” (1973, 108) See also Coon 2004 and chapter 3 for a discussion of the classification of roots and stems in Chol. 1 above. ” In the perfective, the status suffix always involves a final vowel, which I propose below to be an instantiation of a verbal v0 head. I argue in chapter 4 that the nonperfective stems that lack these suffixes are formally nominal. 2. In addition to the transitive, intransitive, and positional roots given above, I include a discussion of the class of so-called nonroot transitive stem formation, a class of derived transitive stems present throughout the Mayan family.

Bele k’in˜ mi i-majl-el tyi Salto. ’ In addition to a habitual or generic interpretation, like in (27) and (28), clauses marked with mi can receive future interpretations, often based on context or through the addition of the prospective particle keje or ke, ´ derived from the intransitive kejel ‘to begin’ (V´azquez Alvarez 2002). MAYAN BACKGROUND AND CLAUSE STRUCTURE [ 41 ] (29) a. Ijk’¨al mi k-p¨ak’ bu`ul. ’ b. Mi keje k-p¨ak’ bu`ul. ’ Progressive The progressive marker is cho˜nkol in the Tila dialect and woli in the Tumbal´a dialect.

Nonperfective aspect markers are discussed in more detail below. [ 46 ] Complementation in Chol Internal arguments of transitives show the same behavior as intransitive (unaccusative) subjects: first and second person objects are marked with -o˜n and -ety, as in (38a), while third person NPs trigger no verbal morphology, as in (38b). (38) ˜ x-k’al¨al. a. ’ ˜ alob. b. ’ In a nominative-accusative language like English the two basic types of internal arguments—transitive objects (P) and intransitive subjects (S)— show different behavior with respect to licensing and morphology.

Download PDF sample

Aspects of Split Ergativity by Jessica Coon

by Edward

Rated 4.89 of 5 – based on 37 votes