By Vincent Guillin
Vincent Guillin makes use of the difficulty of sexual equality as a prism during which to ascertain very important variations - epistemological, methodological and theoretical - among Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill. He succeeds in displaying how their differing conceptions of technology and human nature impression and impact their respective techniques to philosophy and to the research of girl (in)equality particularly. Guillin shines a vivid searchlight into long-neglected points of either men's pondering - for instance, Mill's concept to build an 'ethology', or technological know-how of character-formation, and Comte's possible weird and wonderful curiosity in phrenology - and the ways that those formed their perspectives of women's highbrow and political capacities. Guillin's wide-ranging research examines either men's significant and minor works, their correspondence with each other, and the explanations for the ultimate acrimonious holiday among of the 19th century's most unique and critical thinkers.
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Extra resources for Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill on Sexual Equality: Historical Methodological and Philosophical Issues (Studies in the History of Political Thought)
Williams, The Physical and the Moral, pp. 82 et seq. 35 Auguste Comte, “Considérations sur les tentatives qui ont été faites pour fonder la science sociale sur la p hysiologie et sur q uelques autres sciences,” in Auguste Comte, Ecrits de Jeunesse, 1816–1828, p. 477. 36 A uguste Comte, Plan of Scientiﬁc Work Necessary for the Reorganization of Society, in Auguste Comte, Early Political Writings, p. 132). -V. 38 As we ha ve s een, t he Cours e ventually ga ve t hese de velopments their full extent by theorizing both the status of the science of social phenomena as a sp eciﬁc dis cipline a nd the r elative indep endence of the diﬀ erent s ciences in the enc yclopaedic s cale.
4 Ib id. 5 See Chap. 1, pp. 9 et seq. ], p. 105. ”7 The follow-up to this opening came one year later in June of 1843, when Mill ﬁrst voiced his objections. 10 Consequently, whilst acknowledging the extent of his ag reement with Comte o n m ethodological m atters, M ill al so s peciﬁed the na ture o f what he considered to b e possible sources of disagreement, even if he took the tr ouble o f v enturing tha t, p erhaps, his lac k o f co nviction regarding issues Comte held to be already settled was due to an insufﬁcient intellectual development.
In short, Mill wants us to understand that superiority based on strength is something of the past. And gone with it is the idea that marriage is a relation “between a superior and an inferior, between a protector and a dependent”54: in the progress of civilization, the time has come when women may aspire to something more than merely to ﬁ nd a prote ctor. The condition of a single woman has ceased to b e dangerous and pre carious: t he law, and general opinion, suﬃce without any more special guardianship, to shield her in o rdinary cir cumstances f rom in sult o r in jury: w oman in sho rt is no longer a mere property, but a person, who is counted not solely on her h usband’s o r fa ther’s acco unt b ut o n her o wn.
Auguste Comte and John Stuart Mill on Sexual Equality: Historical Methodological and Philosophical Issues (Studies in the History of Political Thought) by Vincent Guillin