By Petra Gruber
The aim of investigating the overlaps among structure and biology is neither to attract borders or make extra differences nor to claim structure alive, yet to elucidate what's at present occurring within the blurred fields, and to enquire the rising self-discipline of biomimetics in structure» [Architekturbionik]. an outline of the current country of analysis within the rather younger medical box of biomimetics indicates the opportunity of the technique. the hot self-discipline goals at innovation by way of utilizing the sophisticated structures and options in nature having advanced inside hundreds of thousands of years. techniques which have been taken to move natures rules to structure have supplied profitable advancements. the recent strategy awarded during this e-book transfers the summary notion of existence onto outfitted setting. Strategic look for lifes standards in structure can provide a brand new view of architectural achievements and makes the leading edge power seen, which has no longer been exploited yet.
A collection of case reviews illustrates the range of beginning issues: from vernacular structure to area exploration.
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Extra info for Biomimetics in Architecture: Architecture of Life and Buildings
Materials and processing aim at avoiding infection and rejection. A serious problem with implants is the change of stress distribution. These changes can lead the body to remove bone material in border areas, which loosens the connection of the implanted part. Scientists try to avoid this reaction by using porous material, in which natural material can grow. 75 Mimicking the process of creation of bone material is the starting point of many different research groups. Application of the process is much more interesting than mimicking the static structure, but more difﬁcult to investigate.
Building physics is also integrated in this ﬁeld, and animals' buildings may serve as role models. Construction bionics is the most promising ﬁeld of bionics for architecture. g. 77 • Termite mounds Protection from heat is an essential criterion for design in hot climate zones like savannah and desert. The buildings of termites show this impressively. They have adapted to hot climate by relocating their main living space underground, into kilometre long subterranean pathway systems. The channels connect the building above ground (which can be many metres high) with locations where food can be found.
54 Multi-winglet on airplane. "88 The development of neural networks has been inspired by the ﬁndings in neurobiology and biocybernetics. Neural networks are used for data processing in the control of automated systems, for example locomotion control of robots. "89 The Evolution Strategy developed by Rechenberg is used for optimisation tasks for a wide range of applications. Processes of mimicking evolutionary development are important when the solution has not yet been found by with numeric methods.
Biomimetics in Architecture: Architecture of Life and Buildings by Petra Gruber